What Is A Quoin In Construction?

What are quoins used for?

Quoins are large rectangular blocks of masonry or brick that are built into the corners of a wall.

They can be used as a load-bearing feature to provide strength and weather protection, but also for aesthetic purposes to add detail and accentuate the outside corners of a building..

Who coined the phrase to coin a phrase?

John PalsgraveThe word “phrase” was coined in 1530 by John Palsgrave, a language scholar. He confused everyone by giving it two different meanings: today’s more common meaning, which is “a small group of words expressing one meaning,” and “manner or style of speech or writing.”

What is the corner of a building called?

A quoin is an angle at the outside corner of a building. You can call the corner itself a quoin, or use the word for the special stones or bricks that reinforce corners of brick or stone buildings. Some quoins are decorative features, providing variety and pattern to the corner where two exterior walls meet. …

What is the gap between bricks called?

In masonry, mortar joints are the spaces between bricks, concrete blocks, or glass blocks, that are filled with mortar or grout. If the surface of the masonry remains unplastered, the joints contribute significantly to the appearance of the masonry.

Is Quoin a Scrabble word?

QUOIN is a valid scrabble word.

What do you call a small building?

nountiny house; lodging. box. bungalow. cabana. cabin.

What is it called where two walls meet?

corner. noun. a place where two sides or walls meet, usually inside a room or a box.

What are the different parts of building?

Basic Components of a BuildingFoundation. A foundation is necessary to evenly distribute the entire building load on the soil in such a manner that no damaging settlements take place. … Plinth. … Damp proof course (DPC) … Plinth beam. … Floor. … Walls. … Openings. … Stairs.More items…•

What is the top course of a brick wall called?

HEADER COURSEHEADER COURSE. The course of brickwork in which all the bricks are laid as headers is referred to as header course. Three-quarter bats are used for the corners. A header course requires twice as many bricks as a stretcher course making it more time consuming and expensive to build.

What is a queen closer brick?

a brick of normal length and thickness but of half normal width, used to complete a course or to space regular bricks. a brick of half the usual length, for completing a course or for spacing regular bricks.

What is a brick Quoin?

Quoins (/kɔɪn/ or /kwɔɪn/) are masonry blocks at the corner of a wall. … Brick quoins may appear on brick buildings, extending from the facing brickwork in such a way as to give the appearance of generally uniformly cut ashlar blocks of stone larger than the bricks.

What does Quoin mean?

solid exterior angle(Entry 1 of 2) 1a : a solid exterior angle (as of a building) b : one of the members (such as a block) forming a quoin and usually differentiated from the adjoining walls by material, texture, color, size, or projection. 2 : the keystone or a voussoir of an arch.

What is the strongest brick bond?

Header Brick Bond English bond is made up of alternating courses of stretchers and headers. This produces a solid wall that is a full brick in depth, is easy to lay and is the strongest bond for a one-brick-thick wall. Header bond is created by rows of headers, only displaced by half a brick on each row.

What is a roof over a window called?

A dormer is a roofed structure, often containing a window, that projects vertically beyond the plane of a pitched roof. A dormer window (also called dormer) is a form of roof window. Dormers are commonly used to increase the usable space in a loft and to create window openings in a roof plane.

Why do you stagger bricks?

In building walls, brick bats(half bricks) are used so the joints of the bricks stagger. This staggering gives the lower and upper bricks stability and strength, as to not cause a fracture line in the mortar.

What is a Quoin header?

A quoin which serves as a header in the face of a wall and a stretcher in the face of the return wall. Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.